Home Blog Essay Writing Guide Learn How to Write a Conclusion Step by Step

Learn How to Write a Conclusion Step by Step

Learn How to Write a Conclusion Step by Step

Wondering why you got a poor grade on your essay even after putting in a lot of effort?

Well, it could be because you don’t know how to write a conclusion properly.

Most students are in such a hurry to finish writing their paper that they often don’t pay attention to the last paragraph and conclude it abruptly. What they fail to realize is that essay writing isn’t just about the body paragraphs.

The conclusion holds the same importance as the introduction or other parts of essays. It is not just a closing sentence, but it is the last thing you leave the reader with. This is why you must make sure that it is worth remembering.

To help you understand the importance of a good conclusion and write one effectively, we have discussed various aspects of writing a memorable conclusion.

What is a Conclusion?

A conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay, research paper, or any other piece of writing. With this paragraph, you sum up the important points of the essay and restate your thesis statement.

Moreover, this section gives the readers a sense of closure and gives the writer the last chance to leave a final impression and persuade the audience to agree with his point of view.

The impression that you make in the essay conclusion stays with the reader. So use this chance wisely and remind them of the importance of your topic and why it matters.

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How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph?

When writing the concluding paragraph, you must think of the final point you want to share with the reader and leave them with something to ponder over. It wraps up the paper and shows the reader what you have accomplished with your essay.

‘How to write a conclusion for an essay?’

‘How to write a conclusion for a research paper?’

‘How to write a conclusion for an argumentative essay?’

A good conclusion talks about the essay or paper’s main points, discussed in the paper in a larger context, and concludes them effectively. The following steps are the same for all kinds of essays and research papers.

Here are the steps to write a good and engaging conclusion for your essay or paper.

  1. 1. Restate the Thesis Statement and Introduction

    The best way of beginning your conclusion is to revisit the thesis statement and introduction of your paper or essay. Take help from the introductory paragraph to conclude an essay. Tweak it a little and add the main idea you have discussed in the thesis statement and use it as your conclusion.

    Your essay should be like a full circle; you must end where you started it from.

  2. 2. Create a Connection between the Opening and Closing

    Returning to the main points given at the beginning of the essay or paper. To write a strong introduction, it is important to learn how to start an essay effectively. It is also important to keep your readers hooked on your writing.

    When concluding, link the ending of your essay or paper to the introduction and thesis statement to create consistency and flow.

  3. 3. Revise and Summarize the Main Points

    If you’ve written your essay on a complex topic with more than three body paragraphs, it is useful to go through all of them again to get a better idea. Take the crux of each paragraph and rewrite it in the concluding paragraph.

    Do not simply summarize only; the concluding paragraph gives you a chance to highlight the importance of the issue at hand. For example, if you’ve mentioned the different causes of obesity in your essay, your concluding sentence should sum up these reasons.

  4. 4. Provide an Insight and Call to Action

    To leave a strong impact on your essay, give the reader something to think about even after they’re done reading your paper. Suggest some course of action, encourage them to think deeper about the issue, or do something about it.

    For example, you can conclude your essay by saying, “There is a lot that can be done to fight obesity. Start by downloading an app and count your calories.”

    The impact of your work depends on your conclusion and how you choose to write it. A strong conclusion takes time, but it is important not to want to end up with a poorly written essay and a low grade.

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How to Create a Conclusion Paragraph Outline

Follow these tips to create and write an interesting conclusion outline.

  • Add a Topic Sentence

    There are different ways to start a conclusion; however, the most effective approach is to rephrase the thesis statement. Make sure that you aren’t repeating it word by word; it should have the same idea but different wording as compared to the introduction.

  • Paraphrase and Add the Supporting Sentences

    In this part, you wrap up the main arguments and points made in the body of the essay. Try to demonstrate the relationship between them and how everything fits together. Go through the main supporting points and ideas discussed in the essay or paper, and rephrase them.

    Do not add them blindly but use transition words and phrases to build the link between them.

  • End with a Strong Closing Statement

    Your final words can be anything from a quotation, a course of action, some provocative insight, or an encouragement for further study. Make sure to connect it back to the introduction and main idea of the paper, giving a sense of completion and organization.

    Following this outline blueprint, you will be able to create a targeted and fully functional outline for your conclusion.

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Different Types of Conclusion

Just like different kinds of essays and papers, there are different kinds of conclusions also. All of those are used for different purposes, and you can use them as per the type of your writing assignment.

Here are the types of conclusions.

  • Summarization

    This kind of conclusion is usually used in technical subjects and types of assignments like surveys and reports. These conclusions are used in long-form essays and papers where the reader needs to be reminded of the main points and beginning of the work.

    Writing one, you should avoid using subjective references like ‘in my opinion’ or ‘I think the results are……..’.

  • Editorialization

    These conclusions are used in essays and papers based on controversial topics or the personal affiliation of the writer. These essays usually include the commentary of the writer and the part he has played in bettering the issue.

    This kind of conclusion has an anecdote, and it draws the reader’s attention towards the concerns, personal beliefs, interpretations, emotional appeals, and feelings of the writer.

  • Externalization

    This kind of conclusion is used in essays and papers that focus on a problem or issue that is a bigger problem. It guides the readers towards a separate topic and discusses it.

    Often, it has a separate thesis statement, introduction and has the potential of developing into an entirely different and separate essay. This kind of conclusion talks about broader implications but stays within the main idea of the topic.

    Here are some examples of some other types of conclusions that you can use depending on the type of paper you are going for. Don’t copy them as it is; use them to increase your understanding only and use them accordingly.

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    Types of Conclusion - Examples

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Helpful Strategies - Do’s and Don’ts of Writing a Conclusion

Here are some strategies and do’s and don’ts of writing an effective and great conclusion.


  • End the essay and conclusion with a positive note.
  • Remind the importance of your idea or research question.
  • Link back to the themes discussed in the introduction.
  • Summarize the main points without repeating them.
  • Propose a course of action and implications of your arguments.


  • Do not introduce any new information at this stage.
  • Don’t include every single detail shared in the body.
  • If your essay isn’t in the first person, don’t end with your personal thoughts.
  • Avoid using sentences such as “I’m no expert, but this is my opinion…”
  • Don’t start with phrases such as “To conclude, to sum it up, in conclusion…”
  • Don’t share any evidence in this section that should’ve been stated in the body.

A strong concluding paragraph is an integral part of your essay; it helps make sense of the entire paper. But it must not open discussion for more ideas, themes, and evidence.

Following all these tips, you will be able to write a memorable and impressive conclusion for your assignments. If you’re still confused, talk to the essay experts at 5StarEssays.com and get ‘write my essay’ service any time. Just reach out to them, and they will help you come up with the perfect essay at the most affordable rates.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How many sentences are in conclusion?

Usually, a conclusion is two to three sentences long. The aim of a conclusion is to conclude the main ideas and not to introduce any new points for the readers.

What is a concluding sentence in a body paragraph?

In a body paragraph, the last line is the concluding sentence. It provides closure to the paragraph and connects all the ideas together. However, it does not repeat any ideas and transits to the next section or paragraph.

Can you have quotes in your conclusion?

Ideally, no, you must not place any quotes in the concluding sentence. However, quotes could be added here only when you are referencing someone.

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