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How To Write Poetry - 7 Fundamentals and Tips

How To Write Poetry - 7 Fundamentals and Tips

Poetry is an amazing art of creative writing that not everyone can understand. It is a great emotional outlet and creative way of expressing one’s perspectives.

Among many, there are only a few writers who can actually write good poems. Others just keep writing blindly without considering what it actually takes to write and label it as “poetry." Why? Because they have been misguided and don't know about its particular ingredients.

Are you that writer who loves to write poetry but missing few ingredients of it?

This article is written just for you. Learning how to write poetry is a bit tricky, but we are here to make it easier for you.

Dive in and learn all those elements that are missing from your poetry. And learn how to start a poem effectively.

How to Write Poetry?

After all, what is the correct way and standard template of writing poetry?

That's the thing about poetry if something is working for one poem, it does not mean at all that it will work for another one.

It gives a tough time to a professional essay writer too, to figure out what is the most appropriate way of writing poetry.

Remember! There are numerous types of poetry; there is so much that you can do with the content, language and look of poetry than any other writing.

If you ever find yourself confused thinking how to write a good poem, then you should start by reading good poetry.

Read the work of famous poets like William Shakespeare, Robert Frost, William Wordsworth, John Keats.

This will help you figure out the style that you enjoy and the type of poem you can relate to. The best way for writing a poem is to develop a habit of reading.

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What Are You Trying to Say?

Similar to any other project, when writing poetry you need to be aware of what type of poem you want to write.

Whether you want to write love poetry, describe a personal experience, write about social injustice, or craft a rhymed poem one thing remains constant.

While writing a poem, always remember that you need to clear your "point of view" in a way that the reader gets it easily what you are trying to say.

Remember! The message of your poem is an essential part.

There are no specifications; it can be as simple as your love for puddings, or something more complex like bonding and relationships, etc.

To sum up everything, whatever your message is, it needs to be clear without patronizing the reader or uttering the obvious.

You can add visual language in writing your poem to describe the readers whatever is happening instead of making it obvious blindingly.

Maintain a Structure

Remember you need to think carefully!

How do you want your poem to look like when it's on the page?

Is it going to be a concrete poem?

Will the shape or length of the stanza in the poem improve it?

Is it going to be visual like a piece of art?

If you are not sure how you are going to lay out your poem, you need to do different writing exercises, experimenting with different forms and styles.

For instance, if you write a poem that follows a strict structure, it sure will look tidy and neat, but if you are writing it about the things that are falling apart, you might not be choosing the best layout.

Some poets prefer to write in particular structures, but many prefer not to write this way.

You can write your poem in the form and style that you think is best.

And yes, in doing that, you may need to write several drafts to find which one is the best fit for your poem but trust me it's worth it. Here’s how to set up a poem:


A sonnet is a short poem of 14 rhyme lines.


A group of lines, or a paragraph.


A three-line poem with the first line is five syllables, the second is seven and the third and last is five.


A poem with two lines that rhyme and have the same meter.


This poem is written to celebrate heroes and their accomplishments. It is a long narrative poem.


A humorous and witty five-line poem, which follows an AABBA format. The first, second and last lines rhyme and the third and fourth have a different rhyme.


The first letter of each line is combined to spell out a word, message, or a deeper meaning.

Free Verse

Free of any rules or format, this style gives the author to show their creativity.

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The Perspective of Your Poem

Your readers need to be aware of whose perspective you are writing from. You need to make it clear that you are either writing as a first, second or a third person.

Remember! The perspective you are writing from has the power to change what your poem sounds like and its impact and meaning on the reader dramatically.

Just likeessay writing, poetry also demands the poet to spend significant time in setting the idea behind a particular topic.

Your Tone Matters

Yes, your tone does matter.

You can write something in a funny way, old-fashioned, serious, sarcastic or colloquial way. In short, in any way you like.

The most significant thing is the tone that you have chosen as a fit for your poem and the message that you want to convey.

Remember! Never casually write anything if you are trying to be serious. Similarly, if you are trying to be funny do not add seriousness in your tone.


You must be mindful of the punctuation when you start writing poetry, though the punctuation may differ from that of a book.


A grammatical structure will follow punctuation according to the grammatical rules. Removing stanzas from the poem will still qualify as a grammatically correct piece of writing.


Here you use punctuation to mimic the way how the poem should be read. For instance, you can use a comma where you want the reader to take a short pause and for a long pause use a period. Similarly, to connect different thoughts use a dash.

With an absence of punctuation, your writing will seem rushed.


You can also use a combination of the above-mentioned rules.


It is one of a literary devices that appeals to one of a person’s 5 senses when reading a poem. It helps the reader connect with the poem. Visual imagery, olfactory imagery, auditory imagery, tactile imagery, gustatory imagery.

Imagery focuses on providing details that gives the reader a feeling of being in the moment that you have written about.

For instance,

The ice cold winds pierced her body.

The night was dark as the color black and the silver shining stars led the way.


Just how imagery is important for the mind, sound or a rhyme scheme is essential for the ears

Sometimes it does happen that your poem suits or naturally fits into a specific rhythm.

But, keep that in mind that rhymes are not necessary for writing great poems. It is not a "rule," and free verse gives you more chances to do whatever you want and like with your poem.

For some people it is terrifying, but some find it exhilarating too.

In short, you know nothing unless you try.

Even if you go for a free-verse it needs to have some sort of rhythm to it. A poem must have a kind of musicality to it otherwise it is just a simple paragraph.

However, if you want to write a rhyming poem, don’t put words just for the sake of rhyme. Always give preference to meaning over rhymes, as nothing is more off-putting than a misplaced word.


Poetry is the golden opportunity to polish your creativity and writing skills. You can get the ultimate freedom in expressing your thoughts, imaginations, and perspectives through different angles, and yet most of the writers are afraid of writing it.

Just use the ingredients that are mentioned above in the article and blow everyone's mind away with your breathtaking poetry.

Why not give it a shot today?

If you are still stuck there's always a writing class to help you get started, or you can reach out to one of the brilliant writers at 5staressays and they can help you out!

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