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List of Social Issues Faced By the World

List of Social Issues Faced By the World

All of the world has been facing a never-ending list of social and economic issues ever since we woke up to find that our sun had risen. Then, ten years ago, everything started getting worse with people protesting about systemic racism.

It made them feel bad, too, knowing that they did not have equal rights just like their ancestors before them. At the same time, other families could get by fairly easily. Still, even then, many struggled due to the lack of resources.

The worst pandemic in history, Covid 19, swept through the world and left chaos. For many people, this has meant economic hardship. We also witnessed a lack of trust in global institutions.

Brexit was just another nail to add to the coffin of hope some were clinging on to. But before you get too upset about today's social problems that affect society, try to understand what problems are most common around the world.

Maybe it will give your day a new perspective. Have a look!

List of Social Issues World Wide

Following is the common social issue topic list of different nations:

  1. 1. Poverty and Homelessness

    Poverty and homelessness are worldwide problems. People who live in places that don't have shelter may not have a good life. In addition, one-quarter of the world's population lives without a place to sleep, which is bad for their health and safety.

    There is also more stress on government programs when people who live in these conditions go to schools or hospitals.

  2. 2. Climate Change

    The climate is changing. It's a problem for the whole world, and it will make future generations have a difficult life. The 800 million people living in poverty will be most impacted. There are already changes in weather patterns, like warmer winters, more severe storms, and more frequent wildfires.

    Governments and systems are already struggling with these problems that hurt both rich and poor people.

  3. 3. Overpopulation

    As the population in the world grows, it is important to make sure that there are enough resources that everyone can use. Right now, there are 7.7 billion people, but by 2030, there may be 8.5 billion people. This means that countries will need to figure out how to divide their resources and take care of everyone who lives in them.

    If they don't, some people will have food and shelter while others don't, which could cause problems like starvation and homelessness.

  4. 4. Immigration Stress

    People move from one country to another. So, it is not a problem. But, immigration can be a problem for other countries’ governments and social systems. For example, 13.6% of the United States population identifies as immigrants from other countries.

    Still, there are many people who are against having more immigrants in the country because they think it will make life more difficult for everyone else who is already living there now.

  5. 5. Racial Discrimination/ Civil Rights

    Civil rights are one of the most important issues in America. About 60% of African Americans live in neighborhoods that are separate from other races. In addition, 90% of people say that racial discrimination is still a major problem.

    The Civil Rights Act has been around for more than 40 years now, and these problems still exist.

  6. 6. Gender Inequality

    In today's society, girls are not given the same treatment as boys. Women still make less money than men, and they are less likely to be in charge. It is even worse in other countries. An estimated 12 million girls get married before they reach adulthood, and 98 million high school-aged girls do not attend school.

  7. 7. Health Care Availability

    Many people are not able to get medical care when they need it because of the cost. Some people don't have money, and others do not want to spend much money on themselves. However, when people are sick or hurt, they need access to medical care to get better. If you don't have enough money, then you can borrow it or ask someone for help.

    Governments around the world are working on this problem and nonprofit organizations like Doctors Without Borders and Partners in Health.

  8. 8. Childhood Obesity

    Some social problems are related to the health of people, which also affects their socio-economic standing. For example, 18.5% of U.S. children are obese. Of course, this is a problem in all families, but those with more education and higher incomes have less obesity than those with lower incomes who have less education.

  9. 9. Vaccination

    A new disease came from China. It spread all over the world. The disease killed many people, and people didn't know how to stop it. But after extensive scientific research scientists finally found a vaccine that would protect you from Covid in 2020.

    Even though the vaccine was discovered, it is still a big issue because there are new waves of Corona coming to different countries with more intensity.

  10. 10. Religious Discrimination

    Racism is an issue around every corner, from America to Africa. Racism affects all aspects of life: family relationships between races (especially interracial couples), friendships with different ethnic groups, and even work opportunities based on race/ethnicity!

    Unfortunately, people may feel uncomfortable being open about their racial identity due to fear. These facts will lead them into trouble later down the line.

  11. 11. LGBT Adoption

    You have probably wondered why the LGBT community has a harder time adopting children. One reason is that they are discriminated against. But it's not just discrimination. There are also debates about whether or not gay people should adopt children and whether they should be treated as single parents.

    But more and more countries worldwide support gay adoption these days!

  12. 12. Gender Identity

    The subject of personal gender is a confusing and complicated one. Gender identity can be divided into two categories:

    • biological sex (male or female) and,
    • a gender role
  13. This includes how different genders should look, act, speak. The debate of whether or not gender identity should be added to anti-discrimination law is an unsettled one. Most public opinion favors adding it, but the numbers are always changing, and there will probably never be a clear answer until all unite to one side.

  14. 13. Gay Marriages/ Same-Sex Marriage

    Recently, gay marriage has become more accepted throughout the world. Now it is legal in all 50 states of America. Some people support this law, and some don't. But, unfortunately, we can't agree on passing a law that will allow same-sex marriages or abolish the law.

  15. 14. Women Empowerment

    Many people believe that females should have more respect in society. Some people think they should have a lot of power, but others do not agree. On International Women's Day (March 11), people celebrate female empowerment and the accomplishments of women throughout history.

    As we advance into an age where women are able to make their voices heard on any topic, there is still conflict among those who disagree with this idea.

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List of Social Issues in the Philippines

  • Lack of funding for mentally ill patients
  • Natural disaster
  • Hate crime
  • Anti-social behavior
  • Economic deprivation
  • Lack of evolution education
  • Unemployment
  • Sexual discrimination
  • Domestic violence
  • Pre-teen pregnancy

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List of Social Issues in America

  • Nuclear power
  • Conservatism vs. progressivism
  • Immigration
  • Election integrity
  • Urban Sprawl
  • Extensive Stem cell research
  • Religious freedom
  • Homelessness
  • Abortion
  • Gun Control

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List of Social Issues in South Africa

  • Prostitution
  • Xenophobic harassment and attack
  • Child abuse
  • The shortage of schools
  • Children’s right
  • Covid 19
  • Drug abuse
  • Foreign policy
  • Racial profiling
  • Waste disposal

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List of Social Issues in India

  • Gendered violence
  • Communism
  • Caste system
  • Unemployment
  • The lack of infrastructure
  • Hate speech
  • Rural vs. urban social issues
  • Illiteracy
  • Sexual harassment
  • Church-state separation

There is an infinite number of social issues in this world, and you should not be afraid or intimidated by the thought of choosing one for your next essay. 5StarEssays.com is here to provide ‘write my essay’ help with any academic-level essay and subject, so get started now!


  1. 1. What are the types of social issues?

    There are two types of social problems. One is the way that society or communities are organized. The other type has to do with people who don't adjust or fit in and how we think they should live.

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