By: John K.
9 min read
Reviewed By: Rylee W.
Published on: Oct 8, 2019
Do you want to be an expert in writing IEEE format assignments?
The basic aim of any citation style is to provide full information about the sources of information. IEEE style is one of these citation styles that help computer science and engineering students format and reference their work easily and without any hassle.
Students of computer sciences, engineering, and IT are required to learn this formatting style.
This blog will help you in citing your research papers by using the IEEE citation style. Continue reading to get some writing recommendations along with the examples.
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The IEEE citation is a referencing style developed by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. This organization supports many branches such as engineering, IT, and computer sciences.
It is used to publish journals, conference papers, and magazines. Moreover, it is widely based on the chicago format and citation.
Most of the styles consist of the writer's name within the text. However, IEEE incorporates a numbering system. This number in the text corresponds to a numbered reference at the end of the paper. It is to make sure which of the sources has contributed to which section.
IEEE has formulated its own writing manual for the students to organize their work. This format contains two important factors:
In-text citations are short quotes from primary and secondary sources with bracketed numbers. Each of the numbers next to the citation recognizes the entire citation arranged in the bibliography at the end. They are called references in APA citation format. This referencing list appears in numerical order.
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This manual gives editorial guidance for the IEEE letters, journals, and transactions. It basically outlines:
As mentioned above, this citation style is used to reference in-text citations and the referencing page at the end. Let us discuss the detailed description of these two elements:
Each reference has an IEEE citation within the main body of a paper. A direct citation includes the original quote. Whereas, an indirect citation involves the paraphrasing of the same idea by another writer.
It is not necessary to contain a writer's name, quoted pages, and the publication date. Instead, you need to mention the source with the help of numbers.
Moreover, the author needs to insert a number within square brackets each time he adds a citation. It makes it easy for the reader to find the complete reference on the references page.
Keep in mind the following points when you refer to references within the text:
Check out the following examples for this type of reference:
… as demonstrated by Smith 
.… according to , there is little evidence that …
"...end of the line for my research ."
… as Jones demonstrates in – 
.… as demonstrated earlier , – , .
"Several recent studies [3, 4, 15, 16] have suggested that..."
… as demonstrated in [2, pp.21-26].
Zang et al.  found …
A list of references here is also given at the end of the research paper similar to an MLA format. The main goal of the referencing list is to offer the complete citation for every source used in the in-text citation.
Similarly, it should be arranged in the order of citation in the text and not in alphabetical order. Add them in the numerical sequence. Do not forget to include the numbers in the square brackets at the beginning of every reference. Lastly, footnotes are not included in this section.
Follow the below-mentioned steps to organize the reference list:
IEEE regularly, updates its manual of writing style but three main rules remain stable:
Explore the examples of IEEE citation reference page given below for better understanding:
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname, Book Title, edition (if not first). Place of publication: Publisher, Year.
 I.A. Glover and P.M. Grant, Digital Communications, 3rd ed. Harlow: Prentice-Hall, 2009.
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname, “Title of a chapter in the book,” in Book Title, edition (if not first), Editor's initials. Editor's Surname, Ed. Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page numbers.
 C. W. Li and G. J. Wang, "MEMS manufacturing techniques for tissue scaffolding devices," in Mems for Biomedical Applications, S. Bhansali and A. Vasudev, Eds. Cambridge: Woodhead, 2012, pp. 192-217.
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname. (Year, Month, Day). Book Title (edition) [Type of medium]. Available: URL
 W. Zeng, H. Yu, C. Lin. (2013, Dec 19). Multimedia Security Technologies for Digital Rights Management [Online]. Available: http://goo.gl/xQ6doi
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname. (Year, Month). “Title of article.” Journal Title [type of medium]. volume number, issue number, page numbers if given. Available: URL
 M. Semilof. (1996, July). “Driving commerce to the web-corporate intranets and the internet: lines blur”. Communication Week [Online]. vol. 6, issue 19. Available: http://www.techweb.com/se/directlinkcgi?CWK19960715S0005
1. K. Author, “Title of paper,” in Abbreviated Name of Conf., (location of the conference is optional—City, State, Country), year, pp. xxx-xxx, DOI: xxx.
10. Veruggio, “The EURON robotics roadmap,” in Proc. Humanoids '06: 6th IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. Humanoid Robots, 2006, pp. 612–617, DOI: 10.1109/ICHR.2006.321337.
[corresponding number] Author. “Article title”. Newspaper title, pp, date.
 N. Perpich, "Green groups battle to overturn gas plan," The Australian, p. 2, Sept. 7, 2010.
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname, “Title of paper,” in Name of Conference, Location, Year, pp. xxx.
 S. Adachi, T. Horio, T. Suzuki. "Intense vacuum-ultraviolet single-order harmonic pulse by a deep-ultraviolet driving laser," in Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, 2012, pp.2118-2120.
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname, “Title of report,” Abbreviated Name of Company., The city of Company., State, Report number, year.
 P. Diament and W. L. Luptakin, “V-line surface-wave radiation and scanning,” Dept. Elect. Eng., Columbia Univ., New York, Sci Rep. 85, 1991.
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname, “Title of patent,” Country where the patent is registered. Patent number, Abbrev of Month Day Year.
 J. P. Wilkinson, “Nonlinear resonant circuit devices,” U.S. Patent 3 624 125, July 16 1990.
[Reference number] Title of Standard, Standard number, date.
 Shunt power capacitors, IEEE standard 18-2012, 2013.
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname, “Title of thesis,” Designation type, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., State, Year.
 J. O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.
[Ref number] Author's initials. Authors Surname, “Title of Datasheet,” Part datasheet, Publication date [Latest revision date].
 Texas Instruments, “High-speed CMOS logic analogue multiplexers/demultiplexers,” 74HC4051 datasheet, Nov. 1997 [Revised Sept. 2002].
If you are citing online documents like a report, conference paper, standard, patent, or thesis, it follows the same format as the print version.
[Online] after the document title. If there is no specific document title you can place this after the document number (e.g. patent number). At the end of the reference add (Available: URL).
 M.R. Brooks, “Musical toothbrush with adjustable neck and mirror,” U.S Patent 326189 [Online], May 19 1992. Available: http://goo.gl/VU1WEk
[Ref number] Author's initials. Author's Surname. (Year, Month. Day). Title of web page [Online]. Available: URL
 BBC News. (2013, Nov. 11). Microwave signals turned into electrical power [Online]. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-248975843
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No, both of these citation styles are different from each other. Where the Harvard style adds the author’s surname and the date of publication in the parenthesis, the IEEE style is based on a numerical system.
The IEEE format is the official citation and referencing style guide for the students and researchers of engineering and computer science fields.
John K. is a professional writer and author with many publications to his name. He has a Ph.D. in the field of management sciences, making him an expert on the subject matter. John is highly sought after for his insights and knowledge, and he regularly delivers keynote speeches and conducts workshops on various topics related to writing and publishing. He is also a regular contributor to various online publications.
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