Lab Report - Writing Guide With Lab Report Example
Table of Contents
Did you get assigned a lab report?
Are you panicking because you don’t know anything about its format? Then, you have found an absolutely right platform.
Lab reports can be tedious and time-consuming. It's important to take the time to plan and structure your report so that it is organized, concise, and easy to understand. To help you out, we've written an ultimate guide on how to write a well-structured lab report!
Read this blog below, which houses everything you need to know about writing a lab report format.
What is a Lab Report?
A laboratory report is a document that provides information about experiments. These reports are necessary because they provide an accurate description of the experiment and how it affected the results.
They tell people who read them what was done and how it changed the outcomes, so they can make informed decisions on whether to do this experiment again or not.
A student's work can't be very good if all aspects aren't examined, which includes lab reports as important resources for assessing performance as well as capturing important details like methodology.
A lab report that is credible will show the findings of an experiment. However, if there are no explanations for why or how you came to conclusions, it will not make sense. Therefore, it is important to explain the reasons behind any results of an experiment you have found for people to understand your report.
Purpose of Lab Report
The purpose of the lab report is to enable you to:
- Conduct thorough and effective scientific research
- Create a hypothesis(es) regarding a particular behavior, event, or stimulus
- Relevant literature review to defend your hypothesis
- Let others imitate your research by delivering accurate details
- Use figures and statistics to test the validity of your hypothesis
- Analyze research methodically and objectively
- Explore theoretical explanations
- Communicate precisely and concisely
Lab Report Format
Documentation that discusses and analyzes experiments, including scientific concepts, is known as a science lab report.
Lab reports are considered an essential component of any grade. Have a look at the outline of a lab report before further proceeding:
Basic Formatting Rules of a Lab Report
Basic formatting of a lab report includes:
- Double-spacing of the text
- 12 font size
- Page numbers
The report includes a number of arguments that link the introductory section to the rest of the body.
Have a look at each point in detail.
- Title Page
- Where the data came from and any other relevant information on that page.
- The name of the person who did it for identification purposes
- Brief information on the topic, a general theory.
- Highlight specific research.
- Explain the theoretical framework
- Relevant details.
- Summarize previous studies
- Aims explaining what you want to achieve and why?
- Equipment List
A lab report title page should include:
The abstract is a summary of the whole lab report. It is about 50-150 words, and it can be arranged in many ways. But, first, the purpose of the experiment and goal should be stated, and information on experimental procedures, designs, experiments, and findings.
You can also state statistics to support the study if necessary. Participants and setting should also be described, for example, who they were when it happened, where they were, how many there were?
An introduction template is something like this:
Make sure that you are only highlighting information absolutely necessary for your topic and study. Remember that you are writing a lab report and not a complete essay.
You need to mention the name and number of materials that you used in this piece of work. This will help your readers know exactly what they should use when they do their project.
Ask your instructor if you have to list down all these materials or not and how to do it.
In this section, you will mention the steps that you followed during your experiment. You need to provide detailed information so that anyone who reads it can replicate what you did.
First, explain how the equipment was set up on a diagram or by using photos.
Next, explain what materials were used and how they were gathered.
Lastly, explain any complications that may have occurred and how they were resolved.
In this section, you will use the following three subheadings.
- 1. Participants
Here the writer has to discuss the participants of the research by the following aspects:
- How many participants were recruited?
- How did you obtain your sample?
- Provide relevant demographic details, e.g., gender, ethnicity, age, etc.
Discuss the independent and dependent variables of your research study. Make sure the independent variables are specified separately.
Make a list of all the materials and measures that include the title and nature of the questionnaire. Also, illustrate the examples of questionnaire items.
The raw numerical data that is obtained from your experiment is represented in a table form.
The main purpose of data is to show what you observed while experimenting. Always keep in mind that data is a compilation of facts, so do not interpret it.
You have to label your graphs and figures with a title. Put the independent variable on the x-axis and the dependable variable on the y-axis. Write out what is being measured in scientific units, like centimeters or miles per hour.
Then refer to this graph or figure in your text. Give each graph or figure a number. For example, Figure 1, Figure 2, etc., and put the title below it. Put titles above tables.
In this lab report section, sample calculations are done, and data is interpreted to see if the hypothesis was proved. There is also space to talk about mistakes you made when doing your experiment.
You can also compare results with background materials and their implications. Also, you can write about points for future experiments in plain English.
References are only used in research that is based on something that has been done before. You should also use references when you have facts in your essay. The best way to do this is by using the APA Style.
Refer to the following referencing format.
Author, A. A. (year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page numbers
In this part, you report the results of tests in a clear and concise way.
You may also add equations or calculations along with magnitude for those who are interested!
In conclusion, you will talk about what your test results were and how they can help people. Finally, end your conclusion with a statement of what you found from the experimental data.
How to Write a Lab Report?
If you are writing a lab manual for your academic class, make sure that you take the right steps. The following are the steps to write a lab report.
- 1. Define Primary Goal
- 2. Identify the Audience
- 3. Draft Your Report
- 4. Revise
When you are writing your lab report, your goal should be to make it easy for the reader to read and understand. Even if you are writing a lab report for an instructor, make sure to evaluate it.
Keeping this in mind will help you while writing every section of the lab report.
For every writing type, you have to know who you are writing for. For example, if you are writing a lab report, it is important to know the audience. A lab report is usually written for an instructor.
If the instructor is in another discipline, they will need explanations of jargon or technical terms that may not be familiar to them.
When you are done with the above two steps, it’s time to draft your lab report. Keep in mind the above-discussed format of a laboratory report and start writing.
The last step is to revise everything that is written in the report. This will make your lab report accurate and of good quality. Finally, check every detail of the report to make sure there are no mistakes or errors.
Lab Report Examples
Looking for a sample to get a clear idea of a lab report? Here is a lab report example college pdf to help you out.
Sample Lab Report Example
Confused about how to outline a lab report? Here is a pdf of the lab report template attached for your learning.
Lab Report Template
Lab Report Writing Tips
If you are writing a lab report for the first time, it is important to write it well. You need to realize that reports in school have value. To make them good, professionals from 5StarEssays.com have tips that will help you be a winner.
- You need to be very clear and concise when you write a report.
- You should not include irrelevant information or your personal opinions.
- You should provide evidence for any statements that you make that are not facts. The report is written in the past tense because it is about something that has already happened.
We hope that by now, you have understood how to do a lab report. Next time, when you are confused about the format, come back here, and it will help you.
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Frequently Asked Questions
How many pages is a lab report?
A typical lab report should not exceed 10 pages, and each page should be single-spaced and 12-point font.