Writing Cause And Effect Essay: A Beginners Guide with Samples
A cause and effect essay is another type of expository essay explaining why one thing happens and how it affects the other.
This article will make you understand how to write a cause and effect essay step by step and will also provide samples to help you.
- 1. What is a Cause and Effect Essay?
- 2. How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?
- 2.1 Cause and Effect Essay Topics
- 2.2 Start your Research
- 2.3 Craft a Thesis Statement
- 2.4 Write a Rough Draft
- 3. Cause and Effect Essay Structure
- 4. Cause and Effect Essay Outline
- 5. Methods of Writing a Cause and Effect Essay
- 6. Cause and Effect Essay Examples
1. What is a Cause and Effect Essay?
In this world, everything is inherently interconnected.
The rain makes the soil wet, and the plants grow. When one domino is toppled, it hits the next, and then the next, and so forth, etc.
To understand the question of what does cause and effect mean, this essay will explore the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of a situation.
Cause and effect essay definition states that such an essay serves to illustrate why certain things occur or situations arise. It also examines the consequences of those events, actions or phenomena.
School students and college students equally struggle with writing correctly structured essays that depict precise and factual information.
If you are a high school or college student; chances are that you will have to write this type of essay.
Staying on this website will equip you with the skills to analyze the events and deliver an impactful cause and effect essay.
The theme of this essay type revolves around the causes and multiple effects of certain issues, problems or situations.
At a basic level, these essays are of three types.
- Effect-Focused Method
The analysis is focused on one or multiple effects that the occurrence of an event has had.
- Cause-Focused Method
The analysis is focused on the different causes that lead to the event.
- Causes and Effects-Focused Method
The analysis is focused on both the causes and the effects. The reason why something happened and the impacts it had.
The major aim of these essays is to develop student’s skills in analyzing the events in depth.
These essays test the ability of students to present analytical and problem-solving skills involving various topics that impact our lives and our societies.
Effective topics may revolve around the following subject matters: social, political, medical, environmental and food-related issues. Cause and effect essay topic for college is mostly based on these subjects.
2. How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?
Writing based on personal beliefs and opinions shatters the whole purpose of such essays. You can’t make a logical argument regarding the cause and effects of a particular situation or action. You therefore, need sound reasoning and authentic examples to prove your point.
Staying on this website will allow you the opportunity of learning the tips to create impactful content.
2.1 Cause and Effect Essay Topics
Selecting a topic is the easiest but trickiest part.
Students often get confused when it comes to how to write a cause and effect essay. Because they choose a topic for cause and effect essay, which sets them for failure.
If you plan to choose the title “My Visit to my Grandparents’ House” and think it is correct as you will write the effects of your visit in the essay, then you are wrong!
Your topic should be based on logic and you should create a connection between the events.
For instance, if you choose the title “Effect of grandparents on my personality”, then this an effective topic.
Cause and effects of the second world war on the United States or anorexia nervosa are the perfect effect essay topics.
Here are some good cause and effect essay topics:
- Results of financial independence in a romantic relationship.
- How does social anxiety impact teenagers?
- How does acne affect someone’s confidence?
- Reasons of sibling rivalry and its effects.
- Reasons why teenagers rebel.
- Causes of job dissatisfaction.
- Forced marriages and there results.
- Causes of domestic violence.
- What are the causes for men’s commitment phobia?
- Cramming doesn’t help score better.
- People from a broken family have unhappier marriages.
- Effects of being a popular kid in high school.
Looking for more topics for cause and effect essay?
Feel free to explore these cause and effect essay topics and pick any topic of your choice.
2.2 Start your Research
After topic selection, move to the research section.
First tip: don’t go straight to the paper and start writing your first draft. Take a deep breath and analyze all aspects of the topic.
Ask questions! Why? What? How? When?
- Why is it happening?
- How is it happening?
- How did it start?
- What caused it?
- How it will influence the future?
- How is it influencing at the moment?
Look at the present state of the topic. Inspect the previous stages and analyze future effects!
The more you research the more familiar you will become with the topic at hand. And it will help understand different aspects of your topic, giving you better ideas to write.
Along with reading different journals, scholarly articles, books for information another helpful source is cause and effect essay sample. Go through different samples written by other students, this will not only give you insight about your topic, but will also help understand the essay structure better.
2.3 Craft a Thesis Statement
Once you have decided on your topic and gathered relevant information, the next step is to craft a thesis. The thesis statement of your essay will inform the reader why you chose the particular topic, its importance and the purpose of the paper.
Keep in mind that your thesis shouldn’t be personal. Consider the feelings of your audience and they should also be able to resonate with it. Give reasons as to why you care about a particular issue, that others will understand as well.
Go check out this article for a better understanding of writing a thesis statement.
2.4 Write a Rough Draft
Don’t rush to put words down on paper.
Collect your thoughts and write down all the ideas and important points on paper. Your rough draft can be based only on these key points.
Don’t worry about making it perfect at this stage. Just jot down your thoughts, assemble them and perfect it later.
To write an effective essay, a structured outline should be followed. Once you are done writing, it is essential to polish your final draft.
3. Cause and Effect Essay Structure
There are 2 main structures of writing a cause and effect essay. You need to choose one before starting your essay.
- Block Structure
- Chain Structure
3.1 Block Structure
In block structure essay, you will first write all the causes and then all the effects of your topic. In block structure, there can be an effect-focused essay or a cause-focused essay.
Here is a visual representation of a block structure for your essay:
- Cause 1
- Cause 2
- Cause n
- Effect 1
- Effect 2
- Effect n
3.2 Chain Structure
In the chain structure, you have to write a cause followed by its effect. Every cause should be followed by its possible effect.
This is what your essay will look like if you follow the chain structure.
- Cause and Effect 1
- Cause and Effect 2
- Cause and Effect n
Some of the effect essay topics can be written efficiently by following the block structure. While some others fit into the chain structure.
It all depends on the choice and expertise of the students to present their points in an effective and convincing manner.
3.3 Transition Words for Cause and Effect Essay
In order to ensure smooth flow from the cause to its effect, appropriate transition words must be used. It helps clearly define the relationship between the reason why an event occurred and its result. Note that the effect can’t occur before the cause.
Following are some words you can use when writing a cause and effect essay. Here cause is denoted by ‘A’ and ‘B’ indicates its effects.
- The first cause of the occurrence of B is A
- The next cause is A
- Due to A, B
- As a result/consequence of A, Y
- A results in B
- B is the result/consequence of A
- The first effect of the occurrence of A is B
- A also resulted in B
- Hence B
- Thus B
- A affects Y
- A is the reason why Y
4. Cause and Effect Essay Outline
Before moving towards writing an essay, drafting an outline is quite important. It is essential in the case of writing cause and effect essay because students have to consider the causes and effects of some issue or situation, without missing anything.
An essay outline provides the chance of following a specific guideline to ensure all the instructions are followed efficiently.
In order to write a cause and effect essay outline, you can follow this simple structure.
- Hook Statement
- Thesis Statement
- Topic Sentence 1
- Cause 1
- Effect 1
- Topic Sentence 2
- Cause 2
- Effect 2
- Topic Sentence 3
- Cause 3
- Effect 3
- Rephrased Thesis Statement
- Concluding Sentence
5. Methods of Writing a Cause and Effect Essay
A basic cause and effect essay writing method includes 5 paragraphs.
5.1 Cause and Effect Essay Introduction
You must have heard the phrase “the first impression is the last impression.” Similarly, the impression that your essay introduction leaves on the reader decides whether they will read further or not.
To make sure that the reader is impressed by your opening lines and is intrigued to learn more, use an attention grabber – hook.
A hook sentence acts as a tool to attract the reader’s attention, motivating them to read further. There are different types of hook sentences that you can use depending on your topic. Learn more about them from our blog on hook examples.
The next step is making you audience/reader familiar with the essay topic. Begin with a general introduction to the topic followed by the thesis statement. Understand the difference between cause and effect before you start writing. Give a general idea of your topic in the first paragraph.
The most important part of the introduction is the thesis statement. A thesis statement is the foundation of your essay and informs the reader of the purpose of writing the essay. Relate your topic to the current situation and its importance.
5.2 Body Paragraphs
It is important to provide plenty of details you have collected on your topic regarding the causes and effects of your topic.
Assemble all the data with relevant examples to create credibility in your academic writing. The cause and effect essay should be based entirely on facts.
Link the causes to the effects using transitional words in your body paragraphs.
Successfully linking causes and effects depends on the approach you are following for your essay.
You may use either one of the structures mentioned above to present the causes and effects of your topic.
Restate the thesis statement that you proposed in the introductory paragraph in the last paragraph. A well-written and precise conclusion gives closure to the entire argument and context of the essay.
5.4 Key Points
Cause and effect essays are easy to write, just stay focused and try to create impact through your words and use of evidence.
- Use purpose-specific vocabulary.
- Use transitional words.
- State ideas chronologically.
- Never overlap ideas.
Doing so will create chaos in your essay and the reader won’t be able to understand the information stated in the paragraphs.
Dedicate each paragraph to separate the ideas.
Every paragraph should have a separate topic sentence that clearly defines its purpose. Now you can start your essay writing.
6. Cause and Effect Essay Examples
Following are a few cause and effect essay samples which will help you explore cause and effect essay prompts.
Cause and Effect Essay Sample (PDF)
Cause and Effect Essay Example (PDF)
Cause and Effect Essay on Divorce (PDF)
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