First things first. You need to know what is an annotated bibliography.
It is a list of citations to documents, articles, and books. Every citation is followed by an evaluative, descriptive and brief paragraph, the annotation (comprising 150-200 words).
The basic purpose is to offer sufficient information to keep the reader interested in the original work. In simple terms, it describes whether the topic is useful or not and if yes, then why?
Never confuse an annotation as a brief summary of a book, an article, or other web sources. It must be kept as simple as you can.
Yes, as an abstract is a purely descriptive summary found at the beginning of a book, scholarly journal articles, web source or in periodical indexes.
Annotations are also descriptive, but they are critical too. Also, they include; the description of the authority, the author's point of view, appropriateness, and clarity of expression.
There is not a single purpose of annotated bibliography, instead, there are a few which need to be acknowledged by you to get well-understanding.
There are two primary types of annotated bibliography:
The conclusion and the main arguments of the author are discussed in the informative type.
It can be considered as an abstract.
Also, it highlights why the source is important for researching a particular question or topic. Here is an example of an annotated bibliography:
Breeding evil. (2006, September 8). The Times, 375(8496), Retrieved from www.thetimes.com
The editorial from the Times highlights the controversy of video games and the impact they have on the people and users. The author describes the skepticism of the mass media, which has gone back to the pastimes of the ancient Greeks. Therefore, the controversy related to video games is not a new thing. The piece also indicates that most critics of gaming are aged above 40, and it must be called a generation issue rather than the relevance of games. The author offers a way forward that with time, the controversy will fade away on its own. The age factor is also highlighted by the author. The major reason for the opposition is the age factor, not the violence related to games. The significance of the article is immaculate in exploring the controversial dimensions surrounding video games from a wide generational standpoint and is published to target the general audience.
A critical or analytical annotation serves various purposes.
It not only summarizes the piece, but it also analyzes the material.
The strength of the article is examined.
Besides, the weakness is also mentioned to express the key flaws in the conclusion presented by the author.
Majorly, critical, or analytical bibliographies are used.
It is necessary to understand the art of making a critical analysis of the material.
Breeding evil. (2006, September 8). The Times, 375(8496), Retrieved from www.thetimes.com
The editorial from the Times discusses the controversial debate of video games and their effect on the people. The article indicates that a wide range of gaming critics are over 4, and it is the issue of age. Games cannot be blamed under any circumstances. While the article briefly summarizes studies conducted in the dimensions of gaming and violence, it never analyzes the in-depth aspects. For instance, the author never highlighted the vast range of studies that have been conducted in a specific area. The very factor makes the usage of the word research unsatisfactory in the article. The author has advanced to stress the age over violence as the root cause of the opposition of games and emphasizes the benefits of gaming in major parts of human life. The article is a potential source for the curious people who desire to explore the controversy associated with video games. However, serious researchers must remain cautious. The article is not enough to reflect both sides of the story. If the researchers want to make a critical analysis, other research must be studied that has been conducted in the field rather than blindly following the author's word. The bottom line is that the author says opposition of video games is generally because of the generational divide.
Remember, the example is specifically related to critical or analytical bibliography.
Pay keen attention to the last sentence of the passage. The research of the author is criticized here.
Now you are all set to write your own piece of the annotated bibliography.
Read the following guidelines which will hardly take 3 minutes of your time and you will learn how to write an annotated bibliography. Trust me; you won’t regret it.
Before you write an annotated bibliography, it is a must to choose the credible sources.
Here is where research skills come in handy.
Identify records to the material which may be utilized in your topic.
You must choose scholarly articles which are older no more than the last 5 years.
After choosing the sources, review the elements.
Always choose the items which offer a wide range of perspectives on the topic.
Article abstracts are the key to this process.
First, write a complete citation and then follow it with the annotation. Citation should be the entry of your annotated bibliography. So, write the citation on the top. Follow the correct format of the respective citation.
Moreover, you don’t need to add a separate reference list, references or works cited page and add in-text citations in your annotated bibliography.
Right after the citation, create an annotation. Remember! The ideal and informative annotated bibliography consists of 150-200 words.
Mention from where the author has gathered data, what research methodology he has used in his research paper, and whether the hypothesis of the author was successfully confirmed or not.
Moreover, state main findings of the author’s research and include how were these findings contributing in the field.
The following items are part and parcel of creating an annotated bibliography:
Annotated Bibliographies can be arranged chronologically or alphabetically.
Know that the preference of the instructor is what you need to consider.
Do you want to know how to do an annotated bibliography? The instructor, in most cases, directs to use the specific type of annotated bibliography.
Yes, there are different types.
If you are asked to submit an essay with an annotated bibliography of the resources at the end, don't take it for granted.
Always keep an eye out to set your annotated bibliography format right.
Here are some common formats which your teacher will probably prefer to include in your instructions.
If you want to get complete knowledge of these formats learn more on How to Write an Annotated Bibliography in APA and MLA Style?
Is There Anything Common Among Types?
You must be wondering that it seems like a herculean task.
No, it is not!
It does take practice and some tips to tackle the monster of annotated bibliography format.
Remember, the following two features remain the same in each type of annotated bibliography:
It takes practice and seasoned guidance to master annotated bibliographies
With different formats, it becomes further difficult to produce powerful annotated bibliographies.
Read the following mla annotated bibliography example to have an understanding of the MLA formatted annotated bibliographies.
Lammot, Anne.Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Life and Writing. Anchor Books, 1995.
The most productive thing about Lamott's work is the reflection into the life of the writer. With victories and success, the doubts and failures of the writer are also discussed. The anecdotal mode of writing and giving several examples from personal writing career further guides the novice writers to excel. For the new writers, it is a powerful guide to become a pro writer. Lamott’s book must not be considered as a guideline for those who desire to become published writers. Rather, this work offers a critical perspective on the publishing and writing business, gentle advice for anxious writers and fun in the procedure. Any writing course would benefit from including some chapters from Lamott’s master class work. The chapters can be utilized to generate discussion in classrooms and allowing students to comprehend the revising and writing process. The writing exercises are the most significant pieces to include in the class. The writing style, educational and lightweight, has proven to be easily understood by students. The above example of mla annotated bibliography beams light on most appropriate way of writing annotated bibliography mla. Summarizing, viewing, and evaluating the work are the three types expressed in above mla format sample.
Ehrenreich, B., (2002).Nickel and Dimed: On (not) getting by in America. New York: Henry
The book by Ehrenreich reflects a nonfiction piece which includes her research. The goal of the research was simple. She examined if it was possible to live on minimum wages in the United States of America (USA). To prove the point, Ehrenreich highlighted the experiences as a maid working for cleaning services and a Walmart sales employee. The author provides comprehensive details of her experiences and methods. She acknowledges that her research has generated results, but the possibilities are limited. The economic situation present in America is the cause that limits the possibilities. Nevertheless, the book offers a potential image of the rising cost of living in America and is based on seasoned research.
The above annotated bibliography example apa includes texts in apa format.It is an example of apa annotated bibliography.
In the first half, the book is summarized.
The second half assesses the work and research of the author. This is how annotated bibliography apa is done.
Davidson, Hilda Ellis.Role of the Northern Goddess. London: Routledge, 1999.
Davidson’s work is intended at presenting the diverse roles of the Northern European pagan goddesses in daily life. The diverse roles discussed by the author are hunting, agriculture, and several household arts. The author also briefly points death, mentions archeological finds, black and white photographs and relevant research of other authors.
A single paragraph is enough in the chicago style annotated bibliography example. Read again, and you will notice that it is a detailed summary of the book and methods used by the author.
If you have any clouds of ambiguities flying around in your mind, here is the pdf of sample annotated bibliography. It comprises all the necessary examples and everything important regarding annotated bibliography.
Perform extensive research if you are analyzing the work of a credible author or source. As research is what differentiates quality and ordinary annotated bibliography.
You simply cannot ignore the significance of research in annotated bibliography.
Hopefully, you would have grasped the fundamentals of writing annotated bibliographies by now.
Just remember or visit this blog whenever you are up to write a perfect annotated bibliography and get oh-so-amazing grades!
That’s all ....
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