Are you up to writing a lab report? Is your head in the clouds of ambiguities because you don’t know anything about its format?
Documentation that discusses and analyzes experiments, which explore scientific concepts is known as a lab report.
Lab reports are considered as an essential component of your grade. Mostly, it’s the instructor’s responsibility to give you an outline of the report, but if you aren’t assigned one, the following section will help you learn all that you’re seeking.
There are a few lab reports, which are as easy as jotting down outcomes on a piece of paper. However, other reports are in the form of filling forms, demanding you to fill up the sections with the requested data. Moreover, there are also some reports that are lengthy documents comprising an “introduction” and many other sections. Here are the significant sections, which should be part of your lab report format:
A lab report usually comprises a title page, clearly identifying the lab. Your lab report title should be precise and descriptive, but not terse, wordy or too verbose.
Furthermore, include your name, date and any other piece of information on your title page, which is crucial to identify the lab.
Abstract of a lab report includes a brief summary of the entire report. It is of 50–150 words,usually, depending on the length of your report. It can be arranged and ordered in many ways. A usual outline arrangement represents the experiment’s goal; it briefly mentions all the procedures, experiments and reports the main findings briefly. There are few abstracts that report the results first: it depends on the significance of the findings.
Your readers may require and expect you to mention all the equipment used while testing. You need to mention the name and the number of equipment. Listing of equipment guarantees that you are using the same equipment in your testing process.
Before listing this piece of information, check with your instructor first, to confirm whether you’ll have to add this particular information in your report or not. There is a chance that you will be asked to add a separate heading of “Equipment” in your report or include it within the section of “Procedures.”
In this section, you will mention the exact steps that you followed while performing your experiment. Make sure you provide sufficient details.
This experimental procedure should be written thoroughly, step by step and in simple words so that any third person can duplicate it while performing his own experiment.
The numerical raw data that is obtained from your experiment is represented in a table form.
The main purpose of data is to show what you observed while doing the experiment. Always keep in mind that data is a compilation of facts, so do not interpret it.
Graphs and figures must be labelled with a descriptive title. Don’t forget to mention the scientific units of measurements.
Write the independent variable on X-axis and dependable variable on Y-axis. Also, refer to the graphs and figures in the text of your report.
For instance, the first figure should be Figure 1, the second should be figure 2 and so on.
In the discussion section of your lab report, you basically interpret your data and determine whether your hypothesis was proved or not.
You can also discuss any mistake you made while conducting your experiment. In addition, you can propose additional points for the success of future experiments.
Include references only when your experiment is based on someone else’s work.
Also, if you have included facts in your report, then also you should list references.
In this part, you report about the results of tests. You tell your readers about the measured test with exact data. You may also add equations or calculations.
Furthermore, this part may or may not require data interpretations. It depends upon the instructions of your professor; he may expect conclusions or interpretations to be added in separate headings. So, for this part, check with your instructor/professor first.
The conclusion is dedicated to the results of the test and its interpretation. In this section, you may draw indications from the outcome and the methods that are used to achieve them.
The purpose of the lab report is to enable you to:
Confused how to outline a lab report? Here is a pdf of the lab report template attached for your learning.
Looking for a sample to get a clear idea of a lab report? Here is a pdf of the lab report example to help you out.
Next time whenever you get confused about lab report format, revisit this blog: it will help you for sure.
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